Plant Care Guidelines Overview

The following is a general overview of plant families and the care they need. Select each grouping to learn about specific plants and their care!

General houseplant care tips:

Identify Your Plant

Our houseplants are labeled in store so you can learn more about them and their ideal environment. We have more plant care information below and you can also read books, and look online to learn more about your plant and what it enjoys!

Recommended Books: The Complete Houseplant Survival Manual The Indestructible Houseplant: 200 Beautiful Plants that Everyone Can Grow | Living With Plants: A Guide To Indoor Gardening | Little Book of Cacti and Other Succulents

Pot Choices & Re-potting

Pots with drainage are the best choice for houseplants as they allow water to fully drain through the soil. You can place a layer of rocks at the bottom of pots without drainage so water has a place to sit, and add a layer of activated charcoal on top of that to keep absorb some of the moisture and keep your container clean. Re-pot plants no more than one size up at a time (for example, a 6” plant generally can be re-potted up into an 8” pot). Most plants are dormant in winter and grow spring through fall. Spring is an ideal time to repot plants, though they can be potted most times of the year if needed. 

Signs a plant needs re-potting: 

Root-Bound: If you can see the roots come out of the bottom of a pot as you purchase it, that means the roots have outgrown the container and have no where to grow.

Size: If a plant has been in a container for a few years, seems to be outgrowing it's container, or has stopped growing (which is a sign that the roots have no where to go), then it's probably time to re-pot.

Watering

Plants typically die from overwatering, so being more conservative is best, especially for pots without drainage. Checking the top1-2” of soil for dryness is good practice. With exception of succulents/cacti, water until you can see water come out in pots with drainage. Grouping plants together can also help them retain moisture better.

Light, Temperature, and Seasons

Place plants in locations that gives them the light they need. Most houseplants require temperatures between 60-85, and don’t want to be moved too much. Most are dormant in winter, but watch them to ensure they get the care they need as temperature and light levels drop. 

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Leafy tropicals

Ex: Ficus, Peacock, Prayer, Philodendron Plants

Leafy tropicals enjoy low-bright, indirect light. Water when the top 1-2” of soil feels dry or when it begins to wilt, about on a weekly basis. 

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Semi-Succulent Tropicals

Ex: Hoya, Palms, Peperomia, Snake, ZZ Plants

Same water needs but enjoy more light than leafy tropicals, except the Snake and ZZ plants, which can tolerate lower light, water.

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ferns

Ex: Asparagus, Bird’s Nest, Brake, Foot, Sword

Ferns enjoy medium-bright indirect light, avoiding direct sun. Water when top1-2” of soil is barely moist and mist leaves for added moisture. 


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shade tolerant succulents

Ex: Haworthia, Orchid, and Tropical Cactus

Shade tolerant succulents prefer indirect light and can tolerate lower light levels. Water when 1-2” of soil feels dry (about 2x/month), and less in winter. 

succulents & cacti

Ex: Aloe, Echeveria, Jade, Kalanchoe

Succulents and cacti need dappled or direct sun light. They enjoy dry conditions, especially in winter. Allow soil to dry completely between watering. 

Bromeliads

Ex: Air Plants, Cryptanthus, Guzmania, Vriesia

Bromeliads like low, bright, and indirect light. For bromeliads that have a central cup, keep it filled with water at all times. This group of plants enjoys high humidity.